American Indians served as scouts for both the Union and Confederate armies
Among the forgotten are the American Indians of the Five Tribes of the – Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole – most of whom fought for the Confederacy.
Some Civil War battles occurred in Indian Territory. The First Battle of Cabin Creek occurred July 1–2, 1863, along the Grand River in modern-day Mayes County, Oklahoma which involved the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry.
The first battle against the Confederacy outside of Indian Territory occurred at Horse Head Creek, Arkansas, on February 17, 1864, and involved the 79th U.S. Colored Infantry